Item 1: Structural Fallacies
Structural Fallacy: deny the antecedent (If A, then B. Not A, then not B)
If your children use Kideye, then they’ll not be short-sighted people.
If your children do not Kideye, then they will become short-sighted people.
Actually, children are short-sighted by many other factors, probably without eating Kidney. The fact that many children in Vietnam have good eyes without using this product.
Bill: “I don’t think it is a good idea to cut social programs.”
Jill: “Why not?”
Bill: “Well, many people do not get a fair start in life and hence need some help. After all, some people have wealthy parents and have it fairly eas . Others yare born into poverty and…”
Jill: “You just say that stuff because you have a soft heart and an equally soft head.”
Fallacy of structure:
Structure of this argument is that:
+Premise 1:some people have wealthy parents and have it fairly easy
+Premise 2:some people have wealthy parents and have it fairly easy
+Premise 3:Others are born into poverty and ( need nothing)
+ Hidden Premise : Social program is for those who really need help
Conclusion: cut social programs
This is an invalid weak argument
–Fallacy of content:
+ fallacy of relevance: personal attack
+fallacy of presumption : hasty genneralization
– Content Fallacy: Fallacy of Relevance (the considerations they offer in support of their conclusion are irrelevant to determine whether that conclusion is true or not)
The ad uses the image of many people: a young couple who is students. However, the fact that they are irrelevant to determine whether this kind of cake is good or not and it is not sure that those people eat Papa Roti.In conclusion, this ad is an irrelevant appeal.