Entry 4: Argument Structures and Fallacies
Structural fallacy – Circular reasoning (A is B. Therefore A is B), the premise is the same as the conclusion.
The fossil is 3 billion years old because it was in the 3 billion year old rock strata.
The rock strata are 3 billion years old because in it there was the 3 billion year old fossil.
Premise 1: There are women who are unforgettable, disarming and a not-so-quiet sensation that you can either read about or become one.
Premise 2: Wearing new MYSTRECE is the only way to become a woman who is unforgettable, disarming and a not-so-quiet sensation.
Conclusion: If you wear the new MYSTRECE, you will become a woman who is unforgettable, disarming and a not-so-quiet sensation.
–> This argument is inductively weak: There are many other ways for a woman to express such charms. Wearing the advertised stocking is apparently not the only way.
The Bulldogs are the first-place team, so either we beat them tonight and gain a little self-respect, or we lose like everyone expects us to, and hide our faces in shame!
Analysis: False dilemma
In fact, maybe they could play a great game and still lose, but come out of it feeling good about their performance. That’s only one option beyond the false dilemma offered here of “win self-respect” or “lose in shame.”