ENTRY 4

Argument Structures and Fallacies

ITEM 1

Nếu có thêm kinh nghiệm và dứt điểm tốt hơn, các cầu thủ U23 Việt Nam hoàn toàn có thể tạo ra bước ngoặt bằng các pha đi bóng lắt léo và giành chiến thắng.

Source: http://seagames.vnexpress.net/tin/bong-da/2011/11/diem-manh-va-yeu-cua-u23-vn-trong-tran-hoa-myanmar/

è Weak argument

Analysis:

Việt Nam thật sự còn thiếu kinh nghiệm và dứt điểm chưa rõ ràng

Nếu có thêm kinh nghiệm và dứt điểm tốt hơn

Các cầu thủ U23 Việt Nam hoàn toàn có thể tạo ra bước ngoặt bằng các pha đi bóng lắt léo và giành chiến thắng.

The concusion is not exact perfectly. The author affirms surely that “Nếu có thêm kinh nghiệm và dứt điểm tốt hơn, các cầu thủ U23 Việt Nam hoàn toàn có thể tạo ra bước ngoặt bằng các pha đi bóng lắt léo và giành chiến thắng”. It is not true. It only may be that:

Nếu có thêm kinh nghiệm và dứt điểm tốt hơn

các cầu thủ U23 Việt Nam có thể tạo ra bước ngoặt bằng các pha đi bóng lắt léo và  có thể giành chiến thắng.

It is not perfect.

ITEM 2

Von Daniken’s books about ancient astronauts are worthless because he is a convicted forger and embezzler.”

Source: http://www.don-lindsay-archive.org/skeptic/arguments.html#expert

è Weak argument

Analysis:

Von Daniken is a convicted forger and embezzler.

His books about ancient astronauts are worthless

It is true but that’s is not why they’re worthless. The author purposely the premise to prove Von Daniken’s books about ancient astronauts are worthless.

ITEM 3

Sam is riding her bike in her home town in Maine, minding her own business. A station wagon comes up behind her and the driver starts beeping his horn and then tries to force her off the road. As he goes by, the driver yells “get on the sidewalk where you belong!” Sam sees that the car has Ohio plates and concludes that all Ohio drivers are jerks.

Source: http://www.nizkor.org/features/fallacies/hasty-generalization.html

There is one fallacy of hasty generalization:

The driver is jerk

The driver drives the car that has Ohio plates.

Every other Ohio drivers are just like the above driver.

———————————————-

All Ohio drivers are jerks

Analyze: False premise: Not all Ohio drivers are like the driver in that above situation. Only a Ohio driver is not enough for Sam to draw conclusion about all Ohio drivers.

 

 

2 responses »

  1. Nguyen Ha says:

    Hi Thủy.
    Here are my subjective comments:
    – ITEM 1: The structure of this argument must be:
    Premise 1: Nếu có kinh nghiệm và dứt điểm tốt thì U23 Việt Nam sẽ chiến thắng
    Premise 2: U23 Việt Nam thiếu kinh nghiệm và dứt điểm không tốt (Hidden)
    Conclusion: U23 Việt Nam thua (Hidden)
    Analyze:
    Structural fallacy: denying the antecedent (If A, then B. Not A, then not B)
    – ITEM 2: Content fallacy – fallacy of relevance – Personal attack
    – ITEM 3: The structure you defined is not ok. It should be:
    Premise 1: The driver Sam met is a jerk
    Premise 2: That is an Ohio driver
    Conclusion: All Ohio drivers are jerk
    => Content fallacy – Fallacy of presumption – Hasty Generalization
    Actually, you shouldn’t use this item because it was identified fallacy in the source.

  2. Hi Thuy,
    I share the same comments with Ha. Also, I would like you to take some other things into consideration. They are grammatical mistakes:
    + The concusion is not exact perfectly. => The concusion is not EXACTLY PERFECT.
    + It is true but that’s is not why they’re worthless. => It is true but THAT IS not why they’re worthless.
    + The author purposely the premise to prove Von Daniken’s books about ancient astronauts are worthless.=> The author PURPOSES the premise to prove Von Daniken’s books about ancient astronauts are worthless.
    + Not all Ohio drivers are like the driver in that above situation. Only a Ohio driver is not enough for Sam to draw conclusion about all Ohio drivers.=> Not all Ohio drivers are like the driver in THE SITUATION ABOVE. ONE PARTICULAR Ohio driver is not enough for Sam to draw conclusion about all Ohio drivers.

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