ARGUMENT STRUCTURES AND FALLACIES

Item 1:

Source: http://www.google.com.vn/imgres?q=winny&hl=vi&gbv=2&biw=1138&bih=553&tbm=isch&tbnid=Dys6hkYCwCKyjM:&imgrefurl=http://www.video4viet.com/news/2010/07/14/Hoa.hau.Huong.Giang.quyen.ru.cung.Winny.html&docid=ExhH3UK4gBuXZM&imgurl=http://www.video4viet.com/news/2010/07/14/images/FE4TIZ_83591279074756.jpg&w=400&h=600&ei=bX7KTo7fJOSaiQfktoXtDw&zoom=1


– Fallacies: Structural fallacy: because of logical errors that cause the invalidity of the argument
-Analyze: If women use Winny products, then they’ll become more beautiful, attractive and even confident. Aslo, these products will give the women a sense of identity.If the women do not wear these products, they will not more beautiful, attractive and even confident. Aslo, these products will not give the women a sense of identity.
Actually, the women are still beautiful, attractive and confident with many other brands , probably without Winny clothes.

Item 2:

Source:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EcYX649LUyc

-Fallacies: Content fallacies – Fallacies of Relevant
-Analyse: Actually, there is no relationship between the love and Omachi noodle. The ads used the image of two famous performers – a man and a woman who act as a loving couple at well-known film , in order to put emphasis on the name of noodle ( the love omachi noodle). Therefore, the premises are not relevant at all; as a consequence, the argument is invalid.
Item 3:

Source: http://urbanplacesandspaces.blogspot.com/2010/05/reassessing-historic-preservation-on.html
-Fallacies: Content fallacies – Fallacies of presumption
-Analyse:
Premise 1: no historic district
Premise 2: ?????? (lack premise)
Conclusion: it’s OUR neibourhood
Because of lack premises, therefore it fails to establish their conclusion.

4 responses »

  1. Hi, Huyen
    I love your entry with 3 interesting items
    I would like to give you some comment on your item 1
    I think it would better if you analyse the ad more clearly.
    In my opinion, It is structure fallacy
    If the women wear winny clothes, they will be attractive, beautiful and feel comfortable.
    if they do not use this product
    they will not be attractive, beautiful and feel comfortable
    Structure argument : If A, then B. Not A, therefore not B (denying the antecedent)
    hopefully, you will check it again :d

  2. Hi Huyen, I like your entry.
    However, I am confused about your item 1. I don’t understand what the image means. Is it just a picture without any information? If it is a image which advertises for Windy brand, then you cannot deduce that the image means If women do not wear Windy products, they will not more beautiful, attractive and even confident. I think should think it again.
    Good luck!

  3. Hi Huyen,
    In my opinion, false dilemma is the problem of the advertisement in your first item. It’s my sujective comment, and I hope you will take it into account.

  4. Hi Huyen, I agree with Trang and Huong that item 1 is the problem of the advertisement. Therefore, you should analyze it more clearly and show its structure ( if A, then B ; not A -> not B) . I totally agree with you in item 2 and 3.

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