Entry No.1 _ NguyenThiXuanEntry 1
Item 1: Fable
The Cicada and the Ant
Cicada, having sung her song
All summer long,
Found herself without a crumb
When winter winds did come.
Not a scrap was there to find
Of fly or earthworm, any kind.
Hungry, she ran off to cry
To neighbor Ant, and specify:
Asking for a loan of grist,
A seed or two so she’d subsist
Just until the coming spring.
She said, “I’ll pay you everything
Before fall, my word as animal,
Interest and principal.”
Well, no hasty lender is the Ant;
It’s her finest virtue by a lot.
“And what did you do when it was hot?”
She then asked this mendicant.
“To all comers, night and day,
I sang. I hope you don’t mind.”
“You sang?” Why, my joy is unconfined.
Now dance the winter away.”
– Metaphor: the Cicada implies lazy, careless people and the Ant implies responsible, assiduous people.
– Rhyme: song – long, find – kind, cry – specify, grist – subsist, spring – everything, a lot – hot.
During days of plenty, we should not indulge in foolish, useless pastimes and still have to work diligently to prepare for times of need.
Item 2: Cartoon
– Irony: satirize people having weak standard of knowledge but still having good jobs.
– Metaphor: the table in the picture looks like a empty box, which implies lack of capability of people. Wooden legs around the table implies supporters.
A popular negative status in our modern society is that many people having no real competence get good jobs or are assigned to high positions owing to support of relatives. This is unfairness which need solving in the work world.
Item 3: Poem
Robert Frost (1874–1963). Mountain Interval. 1920.
The Road Not Taken
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth;
And having perhaps the better claim,
Because it was grassy and wanted wear
Though as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same,
And both that morning equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way
I doubted if I should ever come back.
I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.
– Metaphor: two roads – two choices people have to decide.
– Repetition: And, two roads diverged in wood.
– Rhyme: wood – stood, fair – wear – there, lay – day – way, black – back
In our life, sometimes we have to choose between many things (two people, two jobs…). We can not indecisive because time is limited, but we should not be hasty and have to decide in the thoughtful and well-informed way since the way back is not usually possible anymore.